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    社會學Essay代寫范文|Gender language

    來源:網絡整理? ? 作者:留學生活網? ? 發布時間:2018-01-02 14:39? ? 閱讀: 次? ? 文章分類:Essay代寫案例

    文章關鍵詞:社會學Essay代寫


    文章導讀:這是一篇社會學專業的essay范文,討論了性別語言。兩性語言差異被看作人類語言差別最古老的形式。語言反映現實,而語言中忽視、歧視女性的現象是人們陳舊的思想意識的現實反映。...
        導讀:這是一篇社會學專業的essay范文,討論了性別語言。兩性語言差異被看作人類語言差別最古老的形式。語言反映現實,而語言中忽視、歧視女性的現象是人們陳舊的思想意識的現實反映。傳統的、落后的語言形式有可能阻礙社會和政治的發展和進步,語言中女性不斷被忽視和歧視,使人們可能更容易無意識地接受婦女處于較低的社會地位、受到較低的待遇的這一現實。語言性別歧視也要有一個正確的評價,不能走極端。如果社會不從觀念上改變對女性的態度,那么語言中的性別歧視現象還將繼續下去。
     
        The linguistic differences between the two sexes are regarded as the oldest form of human linguistic differences. Gender language research, from the perspective of the analysis of men's and women's words, to understand their verbal behavior model and its physiological mechanism, cognitive mode, psychological process, social role, value idea, the close link between cultural differences, between men and women, which has its physiological background, language characteristics which words is its "social gender awareness to influence the outcome of", therefore, the research helps us to complex language phenomenon is more accurate and reasonable explanation, deepen the understanding of human general behavior model, promote the development of people-oriented basic science. At the 44th international linguistic conference held at New York university in the United States in April 2000, language and gender was fully discussed as the central topic of the conference. This fully demonstrates that contemporary linguists have treated language and gender as an important factor that cannot be ignored in linguistic research.
     
        The feminist movement has promoted gender language research. Western feminism started in the early 20th century and began in the 1960s. In less than half a century, its influence has been involved in many aspects of people's life and played a positive role in promoting the liberation and improvement of modern women's life. Feminists, one of the biggest contribution is put forward the social gender theory, divides into the person's sex physiology sex and gender, and social gender concepts into the core category of feminist theory and criticism of gender essentialism of powerful weapon, the male and female private and men outside the women inside the gender essentialism formed the fatal shock. The renewal of gender awareness has led women to demand equality with men in all aspects, including language. Feminists believe there is a big difference in the language used by men and women. But of all the written stuff, only the voices of men, and the voices of women, who make up half the world's population, are completely and forever drowned out. Moreover, the problem is not a temporary local phenomenon, but a serious long-term worldwide problem. The gravity of the problem is also evident in public and social Settings. In these places, the reverberation is always the voice of the man. Even when a woman's voice is speaking, it is not in the language of her own woman, but in the language she has been influenced and nurtured from a young age, the language of the man. They urged the creation of an equal language environment. This feminist appeal greatly promoted the study of gender language by linguists.
     
        At present, most of the relevant researches at home and abroad belong to the introduction or summary of the research on gender language in English, and the research data on gender language in other languages and cultures in the world are very deficient, including Chinese. Chinese gender language research has just started, but also to draw lessons from western gender differences research in theory, the research also appears more scattered, only for the individual has carried on the preliminary description language and speech phenomenon, theoretical and systematic, the law of the gender differences of the Chinese words is the lack of a comprehensive description and research. In different occasions, how men and women from different age, occupation, education and other backgrounds communicate under the influence of gender awareness, and whether there are significant gender differences in silence, interruption, and least response in the context of Chinese culture is an unknown field. The impact of gender awareness on verbal behaviors such as apology, refusal, invitation, greeting and request in Chinese also needs to be further explored. In a word, the localization of Chinese corpus needs to be further strengthened.
    Driven by feminists and linguists, the English language environment has changed a lot, especially the written language.
     
        All levels of English society have taken positive measures to neutralize the language with obvious traces of gender discrimination. Some publishers have deliberately written and published guidelines for the use of gender-specific languages, introducing guidelines and practices for avoiding gender-specific languages. Writers, journalists, editors and contributors have also tried to avoid revealing words that might irritate women today. In 1974, the New York times, one of the largest newspapers in the United States, published a special treatise on the equal treatment of gender words, detailing which words should and which should not be spoken. In 1982, the national association of English journalists published the non-sexist language rule, a book that inspired people to avoid masculine language. In 1984, the association of faculty and staff of the university of Australia issued a pamphlet to each member to encourage the use of gender-neutral language in the university. Other international educational journals also publish papers on gender-free language teaching. Rosalie Maggio's dictionary of unbiased usage came out in 1991 as a guide to non-discriminatory language usage.
     
        Compared with English, the study of Chinese is just at the beginning, and the inequality in many languages has not attracted wide attention. Therefore, in order to realize the equality of Chinese language, effective measures should be taken to eliminate language discrimination. Some practices of English are worth our reference. First of all, gender markers for women should be removed in terms of occupations and some terms of address. For example, in the release of the list of delegates, signature, and so on, it is not necessary to specify its female identity. Secondly, we should take the same measures as English for the same problem of male pronoun generalization. Use "he" sparingly when there is no clear gender. In general, the singular USES him/her and the plural USES "they/them". Thirdly, we should try to avoid using derogatory terms to refer to women. For example, men should not frequently call their wives "gossips, cooks, cooks" and so on.
     
        Language reflects reality. The phenomenon of ignoring and discriminating against women in language is the realistic reflection of people's outdated ideology. On the other hand, the abundant existence and repeated occurrence of these language phenomena that favor boys over girls and men over women further affects people's ideological consciousness, deepens and strengthens all the original fixed ideas in people's subconscious and hinders people from correctly recognizing reality. Traditional and backward language forms may hinder social and political development and progress. Women in the language are constantly ignored and discriminated against, making it possible for people to unconsciously accept the reality that women are in a lower social status and receive lower treatment. Therefore, it is an important task for language workers to be aware of this problem and to strive to eliminate gender inequality in language. It's a very difficult and time-consuming job, involving everyone who USES language. The traditional language forms that reflect the different social roles and social status of men and women have already been absorbed and accepted by people unconsciously. It is very difficult for them to give up and change the original language forms and language habits. So, in the revision on language policy, put forward and implemented to eliminate gender discrimination scheme in the process of language, social effect should be fully considered, to fully understand the language, after all, is a kind of conventional symbols was accustomed to achievement in one thousand, eliminate gender discrimination phenomenon in language could not have finished in one day, still need a process.
    Of course, linguistic sexism should also have a correct evaluation and should not go to extremes. For example, the suggestion of replacing "history" with "herstory" is a bit extreme. In addition, language is a reflection of social reality, leaving social reality and changing language alone and in isolation without changing social reality. As long as there is discrimination and prejudice against women in the society, there must be its shadow in the language. If the society does not change its attitude towards women, the sexism in language will continue.
     
        To sum up, gender discrimination and gender differences exist not only in language but also in our society. Language is a sign of social attitudes. The gender differences reflected in language are not determined by the natural attributes of language symbols, but the inevitable reflection of specific social values and ways of thinking in language. Both male and female languages have their specific social functions. In language communication, different social environments, cultures and professions also affect the language styles of both male and female. However, with the development of The Times, the continuous improvement of women's social status and the proximity of men and women's careers will bring the gradual convergence of men and women's psychology and behavior to a certain extent.

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