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    Essay代寫范文|英國的足球產業

    來源:原創? ? 作者:留學生活網? ? 發布時間:2019-10-28 16:16? ? 閱讀: 次? ? 文章分類:范文參考

    文章關鍵詞:Essay代寫范文


    文章導讀:本篇Essay代寫范文主要討論了英國的足球產業。英國足球產業的成功取決于諸如英國社會文化、悠久的足球發展歷史、大眾深厚的足球情結、職業俱樂部商業化運營等諸多要素。...

      本篇Essay代寫范文主要討論了英國的足球產業。英國足球產業的成功取決于諸如英國社會文化、悠久的足球發展歷史、大眾深厚的足球情結、職業俱樂部商業化運營等諸多要素。其中圍繞著比賽場地的賽事運營,也是英國足球產業取得成功不可或缺的要素之一。英國職業足球在其發展進程中重視以比賽服務為主體的體育服務產業建設。從服務業的基本特征視角解析,足球比賽的賽事服務包含有形服務與無形服務。

           以下為Essay代寫范文全文,內容和格式僅供留學生參考學習,如有Essay代寫需要,請掃描右側二維碼聯系網站客服。

      Essay代寫范文|英國的足球產業

      Britain is a developed country with the earliest start and the fastest development of sports industry. According to relevant research reports, the output value of the British sports industry accounts for 2% of the GDP, and the growth rate of its added value has exceeded the growth rate of GDP. The world-famous British football industry occupies a pivotal position in the whole British sports industry. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the successful experience of the development of English football industry, which is of great significance for the development of China's football sports industry. The success of the English football industry depends on many factors, such as the British social culture, the long history of football development, the profound football complex of the public and the commercial operation of professional clubs. One of the essential elements of the success of the English football industry is the operation of events around the playing fields. Therefore, this paper focuses on the analysis of the game site, fans and regional communities and other elements, aiming to provide theoretical reference for the healthy development of China's football industry.
           英國是體育產業起步最早、發展最快的發達國家。據相關研究報告顯示,英國體育產業產值占國內生產總值的2%,其增加值增速已超過國內生產總值增速。舉世聞名的英國足球產業在整個英國體育產業中占有舉足輕重的地位。因此,有必要分析英國足球產業發展的成功經驗,這對我國足球體育產業的發展具有重要意義。英國足球產業的成功取決于許多因素,如英國的社會文化、足球發展的悠久歷史、公眾的深刻足球情結和職業俱樂部的商業運作。英國足球產業成功的一個重要因素是圍繞賽場的賽事運作。因此,本文著重分析了比賽場地、球迷和區域社區等要素,旨在為我國足球產業的健康發展提供理論參考。

      British professional football attaches great importance to the construction of sports service industry with match service as the main body in its development process. From the perspective of the basic characteristics of the service industry, football match services include tangible services and intangible services. On the one hand, during the competition, tangible services can be realized through the catering supply between the competitions and the selling of goods in the club shops. On the other hand, the audience's viewing, perception and satisfaction of football matches are not based on the substantive elements, which reflects the intangible characteristics of service. Only after watching the football game, can experience and enjoy the visual shock of superb football skills. Due to the influence of many factors, such as the individual characteristics of athletes, the balance of power between the two sides in terms of skills and tactics, the difference between home and away from home, and the fans, the team is likely to play an unexpected level of skills and tactics, which enhances the richness of intangible services for the audience. Football match services are provided to both the fans and the teams. The development of football match services is based on the premise that a large number of fans buy tickets to watch the matches.
          英國職業足球在發展過程中非常重視以比賽服務為主體的體育服務業建設。從服務業的基本特征來看,足球比賽服務包括有形服務和無形服務。一方面,在比賽過程中,通過比賽間的餐飲供應和俱樂部商店的商品銷售,可以實現有形的服務。另一方面,觀眾對足球比賽的觀賞性、感知性和滿意度并不是建立在實質性要素的基礎上的,這體現了服務的無形性特征。只有看完足球比賽,才能體驗和享受視覺沖擊下的高超足球技術。由于受運動員個人特點、雙方技戰術力量平衡、主客場差異、球迷等諸多因素的影響,球隊很可能打出出人意料的技戰術水平,為觀眾提供豐富的無形服務。為球迷和球隊提供足球比賽服務。足球比賽服務的發展是以大量球迷購票觀看比賽為前提的。

      The English clubs not only economic independence, represented by the premier league games per season over taxes an average of 600 million pounds, British football club, and regional communities also provide huge amounts of money for the government support, and to the field of investment in construction and strengthen the management of athletes training work complement each other, enhance contribution to economic benefits for the club and the result. According to the relevant scholars to the premier league club as the object of empirical study, club ideal achievements is closely related to the economic benefit, in the interior of the football field, fans substantive elements of the audience can observe the field service, while those that are difficult to detect, provide considerate service for fans of audience of the system is more important. The football field is nothing but a building, and the service system that can really provide fans and spectators is the product of the "joint production" of fans and fans and professional football clubs, that is, the shocking scene happened in the football field and its memory elements. Only by renting venues to organize and operate the competition, because the service system provided is not complete, it is often difficult to guarantee the good effect of the competition organization and operation.
           英國俱樂部不僅經濟獨立,以英超聯賽為代表,每季平均稅收超過6億英鎊,英國足球俱樂部和地區社區也為政府提供巨額資金支持,并對該領域的投資建設與加強對運動員訓練工作的管理相輔相成,增強對俱樂部經濟效益和效益的貢獻。據相關學者以英超俱樂部為實證研究對象,俱樂部理想的成績與經濟效益密切相關,在足球場內部,球迷的實質性要素可以觀察到觀眾的場上服務,而那些難以察覺的,則為球迷提供貼心的服務。觀眾的粉絲體系更為重要。足球場不過是一座建筑,真正能為球迷和觀眾提供服務的體系,是球迷和球迷以及職業足球俱樂部“聯合生產”的產物,即足球場上發生的驚心動魄的一幕及其記憶元素。只有租用場館來組織和運營比賽,由于提供的服務體系不完善,往往難以保證比賽組織和運營的良好效果。

      In the commercial and speculative world of British professional football, there are three reasons why clubs have long been happy to invest in match sites. Firstly, almost all the clubs in Britain exist as joint-stock companies, and the public sports venues in the local autonomous bodies can only be rented. In principle, the competition venues belong to the private property of the clubs. Second, the hillsborough tragedy, which shocked Britain and even the world, took place on April 15, 1989. It was a tragedy caused by the pursuit of commercial profits, the old equipment of the competition venue, the insufficient audience seats and the long-term disrepair of the competition venue. The British government recognizes that the venue is not only the venue for football matches, but also the venue where the vast fan base pays admission fees and enthusiastically supports the development of the football service industry. The government is obliged to invest in repairing and improving the construction of competition venues to create an environment where fans and spectators can enjoy football skills safely and comfortably. Third, England's performance at the World Cup in Italy in 1990, the creation of the premier league in 1992 and the rapid growth of pay-television combined to push the premier league explosively to the top. Meanwhile, the English first division clubs are set up separately and run commercially entirely by companies controlled by the clubs, and the British government has responded to the economic demands of professional football stakeholders through "loose management".

      With a growing fan base and growing revenues from merchandise sales and advertising, the venue has become a vital factor in the club's health. Between its inception in 1992 and 2006, the premier league's 92 professional clubs across the country spent 3bn on new and improved venues. Compared with other European leagues, which rent venues from local public groups to organize and operate matches, the organization and operation of the competition venues of various clubs in the premier league has an absolute advantage and an irreplaceable role in the healthy development of football service industry. In addition, in the development of pay-tv is very popular today, football field facilities become the advantage of resources can not be sold.

      In terms of total revenue, the premier league ranks first in ticket revenue, followed by TV rights revenue, sponsorship fee, merchandise sales revenue and advertising revenue. With the premier league's revenues roughly in balance, and premier league clubs owning their own venues, it is vital to tap the potential of fans to participate in football. The premier league maintains a high rate of equipment turnover, so adding or expanding facilities is the most effective way to satisfy a growing fan base. The premier league will sell its live TV broadcast rights and use the proceeds to build facilities for the matches, so as to achieve sustainable development of the matches through the flow of capital. At the same time, the competition venue serves as the background device to foil the TV broadcasting effect, which brings a positive impact on the increase of advertising revenue and the sales of related commodities. Meanwhile, the magnificent competition venue becomes the "floating and moving visual center" in the mind of fans and audiences. Therefore, the construction of the football field has become a key link in the multiple systems including the security guarantee of the football field, the commercial operation of the team, the broadcasting of event marketing, and the service of the football field, driving the sustainable development of the investment and construction of the British football field.

      The premier league and its venues are not managed by the state, which is closely related to the organizational structure and development process of English professional football clubs. In the process of the development of English football professionalism, the football club originally established in the form of any group, in order to seek the separation of ownership and management, eventually developed into the form of a joint stock company. According to the standard of the state holding company, only the state holding company can become a listed company. English professional football clubs mainly sell "corporate governance" management philosophy through listing and issuing stocks, which attracts wide attention from the whole society and investment from ordinary investors. English professional football teams are now organised as football trusts in any form controlled by the state or a privately held company. The stakeholders of a joint stock company are not only shareholders, but also creditors and practitioners.

      The so-called "corporate governance" is the relationship between a company and its shareholders, directors, including its management decision-making level, and the method of its organizational operation. At the heart of the problem is the shareholders, who will form a supporters' trust with the support of scattered minority shareholders as required by the club's own development. Meanwhile, it promotes the organization and standardization of fan culture, improves the collective value identification and overall quality of fans, and develops and prospers football industry culture. According to the statistics of 50% of fans and supporters supporting the same football club for more than 25 years in a row, there is abundant "fan capital" in the vast fan support organizations. As the management decision-making level of professional football clubs, they have gradually come to realize the important role of fans and supporters. At present, 70 supporters trust organizations supported by the British government are united together, playing a huge role in the development of football service industry. The supporters trust, made up of the club's supporters and supporters, has played a huge role in key core issues such as the rebuilding of the club, which is on the brink of bankruptcy, by reaching out to government agencies. Seventy percent of clubs in the premier league already have supporter trusts, and 25 percent of supporter trusts send staff to manage the premier league and its clubs. English professional football clubs believe that fans and supporters are the most important stakeholders. Supporters of English football fans buy the listed shares of their favorite clubs through supporters trust, and indirectly participate in the operation and management of the clubs, so as to improve the management and operation level of the clubs. To attract more fans and supporters to watch and enjoy football matches, in order to expand the income, the club is encouraged to invest in the renovation and expansion of the game field, and at the same time, it can promote the economic, social welfare, cultural and educational progress of the community where the new game field is built. Fans are not only the "enthusiastic supporters" of football clubs, but also the "consumers" who participate in watching and enjoying football matches, and they are also the participants who promote the continuous strengthening of scientific operation and management of football clubs. Therefore, it is of great practical significance to fully explore the relationship between English football match venues and fans, not only in the field of football service industry, but also in the development of China's entire sports industry.


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